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The history of the balaclava hood

Updated: Oct 26, 2023

The comfortable modern headdress "balaclava hood" is essentially a fashionable follower of the good old hood and hood. And where did these hats come from?


A hood is a folding headdress sewn or fastened to the collar of outerwear. The balaclava hood is essentially the same hood, only it is already independently used separately from other clothes and has ties, buttons and a zipper as a fastening.


The history of the creation of the hood goes back centuries and is of a religious nature. The history of the hood begins in ancient times. The hood first appeared in ancient Egypt and was used as protection from the sun and sand. Then the hood was used in Ancient Greece and Rome, where it also served to protect from the sun and wind.


Actually, the predecessor of the modern hood is a knight's helmet.


knitted balaclava beanie

The first hoods appeared, probably, in those very ancient times, when the first clothes appeared on a person at all. What could be easier – to fold a piece of cloth or hide in half and stitch it on one side? And warm and comfortable. And it closes from all sides from the cold wind, and does not restrict movement.


In the Middle Ages, the hood became an integral part of monastic clothing and symbolized humility and asceticism. During the Renaissance, the hood became popular among the nobility and was used as a fashion accessory. It is thanks to the presence of a pointed hood in traditional clothing that one of the directions of the Franciscan monks was called the Order of the Lesser Capuchin Brothers, which was founded in 1527 in Italy. In the 5th-7th centuries, the removable hood became a popular headdress in all classes of the Frankish state, having been developed in the 14th-16th centuries during the reign of the Valois dynasty. Moreover, hoods were worn by both women and men. The very appearance of the hood spoke about the well-being of its owner: rich and influential people had a bulkier hood, a sharper tip, a fur edge. The color of the hood could be very different. The royals wore white hoods, elaborately and profusely decorated with precious stones and furs.


Demonstrating to others the grief or grief that had befallen them, the inhabitants of Western Europe at that time wrapped a long "tail" of the hood around their necks.


In the medieval wardrobe, there was a custom to wear a cape-a raincoat made of thick fabric with a semicircular hood, which was called a cap. Such a cape was a favorite clothing of travelers. Gentiles and lepers were forbidden to wear a cap. Thus, strangers and dangerous people were always visible in the crowd. The royals and the clergy wore special hats made of silk patterned fabrics. In them they appeared before their subjects and performed spiritual services.


Nowadays, various prototypes of the medieval hood have comfortably taken their place in various types of fashionable clothes and hats, fitting into all styles and trends of fashion.


Today, the hood still bears a touch of mystery and magic. It is in it that authors often clothe popular heroes of computer games and science fiction films.


The balaclava hood is one of the variants of the hood, modern, slightly improved, with fasteners for buttons and a zipper. Once having tried to wear a balaclava hood, any person will definitely acquire several more such hats of different colors, textures, from different fabrics for different occasions.


cotton balaclava for men

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